Nutrition is an important factor that can help prevent bone loss and fractures. In the form of four original pieces and one systematic review, this Special Issue highlights some recent hopeful advancement in nutrition and women's bone health. Overall, significant features of the relationship between different nutrients and women's bone health are given through high-quality study designs that include both randomised clinical trials and observational studies, all of which are led by top nutritional and clinical researchers. Vallibhakara and colleagues investigated the efficacy of nutritional vitamin E supplementation in osteopenic postmenopausal women using a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial with intention-to-treat analysis. This study looked at bone health by tracking changes in bone turnover indicators after 12 weeks of supplementation. The majority of research participants had adequate nutritional condition (mean BMI 22 kg/m2), and both groups reported great adherence.