Introduction. The mountaineering is one of the most loaded sport for joints and soft tissues and this sport arise a possibility of appearance of many different injuries. It is connected with recurrent movements and frequent bearing of body weight on hands or fingers. Objective. The aim of this research was the evaluation of kind and frequency of incidence of injuries and methods of their treatment in mountaineers and first of all to give an answer to following research questions: 1. What parts of body becomes injured in mountaineers and is the length of their fingers has any influence on frequency of their appearance? 2. What are the most frequent reasons of traumatic injuries occurring in mountaineers? 3. Are the body physics and weight can cause traumatic injuries in mountaineers? Material and method. The research was carried out among group of 67 mountaineers from Cracow including 14 women and 53 men aged 18 – 40. Additionally 36 men consented to length of fingers examination. The method of the study included own – constructed anonymous questionnaire, examination of fingers length, examination of body height and body weight. Results. There were observed no connection between the amount of damaged parts of body and weeks time of training and body weight in research group. There was no statistically significant correlation between type of body structure and body weight and the amount of damaged parts of body. The statistically significant correlation was observed among time of training and appearance of analyzed injuries. Conclusions. 1. The most affected parts of body were middle finger (III), ring finger (IV) and shoulder in research group and length of the fingers had no influence on frequency of injuries. 2. The most frequent reason of sustained injuries was incorrect training and specify of mountaineering. 3. The body physics and body weight have no influence on frequency and nature of susta ined body injuries.