Journal of Orthopaedics Trauma Surgery and Related Research

Journal of Orthopaedics Trauma Surgery and Related Research

An Official Journal of Polish Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology

e-ISSN: 2449-9145

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Megan Cashin

London Health Science Center, Western University, London ON, Canada


  • Reviews
    The role of secondary ossification centers in the management of epiphyseal and apophyseal fractures
    Author(s): Colin Maclean, Debra Bartley, Timothy Carey, Megan Cashin and Waleed Kishta*

    The site where bone begins to form in the shaft of a long bone or the body of an irregular bone is called a primary ossification center. The site where bone formation continues after beginning in the long shaft or body of the bone, usually in an epiphysis is a secondary ossification center. A secondary ossification center is the center of bone formation appearing later than the punctum ossificationis primarium, usually in epiphysis. Secondary ossification centers for epiphyses and apophyses go through different stages of growth from the initiation of ossification to complete fusion. This paper will review the development of the secondary ossification centers, the mechanism of injuries, the pathophysiology of physical injuries, clinical diagnosis, investigations, and management. The goal of this review was to illustrate the variance in physeal injuries as t.. Read More»

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Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research Journal of Orthopaedics Trauma Surgery and Related Research a publication of Polish Society, is a peer-reviewed online journal with quaterly print on demand compilation of issues published.
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