Journal of Orthopaedics Trauma Surgery and Related Research

Journal of Orthopaedics Trauma Surgery and Related Research

An Official Journal of Polish Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology

e-ISSN: 2449-9145

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Yuriy Ivanov

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Jacobi Medical Center, Bronx, NY, USA


  • Research Article
    Algorithm for performing cervical epidural steroid injections with contrast spread technique
    Author(s): Yakov Perper*, Yuriy Ivanov and Stacy Serebnitsky

    Objective: To assist pain practitioners who perform Cervical Epidural Steroid Injections (CESI) with fluoroscopy only in recognizing possible contrast medium flow scenarios and in clinical decision making based on image findings. Methods and Results: A total of 1574 CESIs with Contrast Spread Technique (CST) were performed from August 1, 2014, to June 1, 2020, in our office. Through numerous observations and discussions, we came to some realizations that broaden our understanding of the technique. This knowledge eventually led to the creation of this algorithm and the writing of this paper. Different scenarios were illustrated with images from our practice. Special attention was given to key points of the algorithm: What might be the reasoning for the needle tip appearing to be inside the epidural space, but without a confirmatory medium flow? What is the optimal C-Arm angulat.. Read More»

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Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research Journal of Orthopaedics Trauma Surgery and Related Research a publication of Polish Society, is a peer-reviewed online journal with quaterly print on demand compilation of issues published.
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